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May I Quote You on That?

By Stephen Spector

A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

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The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages

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This book "examines the reasons behind the dramatic loss of linguistic diversity, why it matters, and what can be done to document and support endangered languages."

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Title: Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language
Edited By: Maxim I. Stamenov
Vittorio Gallese
Series Title: Advances in Consciousness Research 42

The emergence of language, social intelligence, and tool development are what made homo sapiens sapiens differentiate itself from all other biological species in the world. The use of language and the management of social and instrumental skills imply an awareness of intention and the consideration that one faces another individual with an attitude analogical to that of one’s own. The metaphor of ‘mirror’ aptly comes to mind.
Recent investigations have shown that the human ability to ‘mirror’ other’s actions originates in the brain at a much deeper level than phenomenal awareness. A new class of neurons has been discovered in the premotor area of the monkey brain: ‘mirror neurons’. uite remarkably, they are tuned to fire to the enaction as well as observation of specific classes of behavior: fine manual actions and actions performed by mouth. They become activated independent of the agent, be it the self or a third person whose action is observed. The activation in mirror neurons is automatic and binds the observation and enaction of some behavior by the self or by the observed other. The peculiar first-to-third-person ‘intersubjectivity’ of the performance of mirror neurons and their surprising complementarity to the functioning of strategic communicative face-to-face (first-to-second person) interaction may shed new light on the functional architecture of conscious vs. unconscious mental processes and the relationship between behavioral and communicative action in monkeys, primates, and humans.

The present volume discusses the nature of mirror neurons as presented by the research team of Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti (University of Parma), who originally discovered them, and the implications to our understanding of the evolution of brain, mind and communicative interaction in non-human primates and man.

Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: John Benjamins
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Linguistic Field(s): Neurolinguistics
Anthropological Linguistics
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 158811242X
ISBN-13: 9781588112422
Pages: viii, 392 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 149
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027251665
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: viii, 392 pp.
Prices: EUR 99.00
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 1588112152
ISBN-13: 9781588112156
Pages: viii, 392 pp.
Prices: U.S. $ 97
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9027251622
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: viii, 392 pp.
Prices: EUR 66.00