"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Sociophonetics is one of the sub-branches of the discipline that has
attracted a great deal of attention over the last decade. Recent advances
in speech science and their technological simulations allow increasingly
sophisticated studies of the progress of language contact and change. These
studies, particularly those at the level of pronunciation, show that
language variety is robust and socially embedded in interesting ways.
Instrumental studies of language variety contact and change have focused on
the role of social categories and attitudes in variety perception as well
as production. Some of the studies presented in this volume look at the
specific role of social factors in the formation, progress, and deterrence
of intralingual contact and change; while others look at the ways in which
social identities and beliefs influence a listener's ability to identify
and comprehend varieties. These studies use detailed acoustic analyses of
production speech data and of responses to samples of data based on such
analyses. Although the book assumes some knowledge of basic acoustics and
variationist studies, the general introduction plus chapter and section
introductions provide a review of practices in the field, including those
of collection, analysis, and interpretation.