"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Studies in Comparative Germanic Syntax
Proceedings from the 15th Workshop on Comparative Germanic Syntax (Groningen, May 26–27, 2000)
This volume presents a collection of articles reporting on new research carried out within the theoretical framework of generative grammar on the comparative syntax of the Germanic languages. Divided in four main sections, the book focuses on issues of subordination and complementation (with emphasis on German/Dutch and Danish), displacement phenomena discussed in relation with richness of morphology (with special attention to English, German/Dutch, and Norwegian, as well as presenting more general discussion of the issue), language variation and change (studying historical English syntax and Frisian contact dialects), and the syntax-semantics interface viewed from a Germanic perspective (addressing ellipsis, reflexivity, and the behavior of quantifiers).
Table of Contents
Introduction C. Jan-Wouter Zwart vii•xi List of contributors xiii•xiv Subordination 1 Wh-movement and integrated parenthetical constructions Marga Reis 3•41 Van as a marker of dissociation: Microvariation in Dutch Jeroen Craenenbroeck 43•69 Expletive subjects in subject relative clauses Line Mikkelsen 71•93 Syntactic versus semantic control Susanne Wurmbrand 95•129 Movement and Morphology 131 Parametric variation and scrambling in English Roland Hinterhölzl 133•152 V2 and Holmberg’s Generalization Øystein Nilsen 153•175 The distribution of declarative verb second in Germanic Olaf Koeneman 177•203 A verb’s gotta do what a verb’s gotta do!: On Scandinavian infinitivals and the AGR parameter Øystein Alexander Vangsnes 205•219 On the correlation between morphology and syntax: The case of V-to-I Artemis Alexiadou and Gisbert Fanselow 221•244 Language Variation and Change 245 Observations on the loss of Verb Second in the history of English Eric Haeberli 247•275 A structure-based analysis of morphosyntactic regularities in language contact Eric Hoekstra 277•291 Syntax and Semantics 293 Swiping in Germanic Jason Merchant 295•321 The ambiguity of weak reflexive pronouns in English and German Markus Steinbach 323•348 ‘Binominal each-constructions’ (BECs) in German and English Malte Zimmermann 349•377 References 379•398 Subject index 399