William MartinLeake (1777–1860) first published Researches in Greece in
1814. The book is a survey of the languages and dialects spoken in modern
Greece and the Southern Balkans during the early nineteenth century. It was
a pioneering work of linguistics that created great interest among Western
European scholars. Chapter 1 deals with modern Greek, with sections on
grammar, orthography, and phonetics; modern literature, including a
catalogue of modern Greek authors; the Tzakonic dialect; and pronunciation
and regional variation. Chapter 2 covers Albanian and includes sections on
phonetics, grammar and vocabulary and Albanian history and geography.
Chapter 3 gives a brief account of the Wallachian and Bulgarian languages.
The volume includes useful comparative vocabulary lists in English, Greek,
Albanian, Wallachian and Bulgarian. This key work of nineteenth-century
scholarship was highly influential in generating scholarly interest in the
study of modern Greek.