"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Language Use in the Two-Way Classroom
Lessons from a Spanish-English Bilingual Kindergarten
Based on an extended ethnographic study of a dual language
(Spanish-English) Kindergarten, this book takes a critical look at
children's linguistic (and non-linguistic) interactions and the ways that
teaching design can help or hinder language development. With a focus on
official "Spanish time", it explores the particular challenges of
supporting the minority language use as well as the teacher's strategies
for doing so. In bilingual classrooms, teachers' goals include bilingualism
as well as academic achievement for all. The children may share these
interests, but have their own agendas as well. This book explores the
linguistic and social interactions that may help, or hinder, these multiple
and sometimes conflicting agendas. How can teachers design educational
practice that takes into consideration broader forces of language hegemony
as well as children's immediate interests?