"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Fostering Language Teaching Efficiency through Cognitive Linguistics
In contexts of instructed second language acquisition there is a need for
teaching methods that are optimally efficient, i.e. teaching interventions
that generate a maximal return on learners' and teachers' investment of
time and effort. In the past couple of decades, many researchers have
argued that insights from Cognitive Linguistics (CL) - when suitably
translated for pedagogical purposes - can make a major contribution to
fostering such language teaching efficiency. This collective volume
assesses and supplements those CL proposals.
The first part of the book positions CL-inspired language pedagogy
vis-à-vis recent trends in mainstream applied linguistics and illustrates
through several case studies that language-focused instruction (including
CL-inspired instruction) is a useful - if not indispensable - complement to
learner-autonomous, incidental acquisition. The second part demonstrates
how CL research can help pedagogues identify hitherto neglected language
elements that merit explicit targeting in second language instruction. The
third part consists of contributions that put the pedagogical efficiency of
several CL-inspired interventions to the test in classroom experiments.
Additions to the currently available armoury of teaching methods are
proposed. The kinds of target language items under examination in the book
range from single words over multiword units to grammar patterns.
Throughout, the volume illustrates how much pedagogy-oriented Cognitive
Linguistics has matured in recent years.