"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Punjabi is the language of the Punjab - the land of five rivers - of
northern India and Pakistan. Primarily written in three distinct scripts, a
unique feature of the language is that, along with Lahanda and the Western
Pahari dialects, it is the only modern Indo-European language spoken in
South-East Asia which is tonal in nature. It is recognised as one of the
several national languages of India and Pakistan, and approximately
forty-five million people speak Punjabi as either a first or second language.
This Descriptive Grammar accounts for the linguistic and sociolinguistic
properties of Punjabi and Lahanda/Multani. It explores the standard
language, giving a comprehensive account of syntax, morphology and
phonology. With a descriptive, typological and cognitive examination of the
language, this is a comprehensive and authoritative description of modern
Punjabi . This volume will be invaluable to students and researchers of
linguistic theory and practice.