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Title: The Grammatical Realization of Temporal Expressions in Tsou
Written By: Chia-jung Pan
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Austronesian Linguistics 07
Description:

This study proves an in-depth investigation of the grammatical realization
(including semantic functions, temporal markers, grammatical roles,
grammatical categories, and syntactic relationships) of temporal
expressions in Tsou, an Austronesian language of Taiwan. Temporal
expressions examined in this study are based on Haspelmath’s (1997)
classifications of time adverbials and, meanwhile, with the addition of
frequency expressions and miscellaneous temporal expressions, in order to
scrutinize the semantic functions and their corresponding markings. Among
the twenty-three subtypes of semantic functions, it is found that five
temporal markers are employed in the markings with different types of
semantic functions of temporal expressions: ne-, ho-, ta, to, and no.
Besides, some semantic functions of temporal expressions in Tsou even take
the form of ne or ho clause. These five markers and the ne or ho clause
possess their own distinguishing temporal characteristics. It is also shown
that the markers ta, to, and no are virtually oblique case markers, thereby
suggesting that in addition to spatial and psychological distinctions, case
markers in Tsou can distinguish temporal meanings as well.

Following Croft’s (1991) function-indicating morphosyntax, it is shown
that the categorial statuses of twenty-three subtypes of temporal
expressions fall under the grammatical categories verb and noun. This
analysis challenges the claim that adverbial concepts tend to be realized
as verbs in Formosan languages (Starosta 1988). Nevertheless, the analysis
towards frequency expressions is largely consistent with Zeitoun (1992) and
H. Chang (2004); that is to say, frequency expressions surface as verbs.

Given idiosyncratic distributional properties, temporal expressions in
Tsou can be divided into three groups. In group one, temporal expressions
projected as NP and CP are restricted to occur in the position immediately
before the subject, in the sentence-initial position, and in the
sentence-final position. In group two, temporal expressions projected as VP
are constrained to follow the preverb and simultaneously precede the main
verb. In group three, the temporal expressions projected as TP are
restricted to precede or follow the ho/ne clause. In addition, following
Lehmann (1988) and Diessel (2001), temporal expressions in Tsou involving
bi-clausal constructions (projected as CP (group one) and TP (group three))
are in a relation of clause linkage subordination, which is further treated
as ADV-clause rather than COMP-clause and REL-clause.

This study organized as follows. Chapter one introduces the background
of this study. Chapter two provides a sketch of Tsou grammar. Chapter three
scrutinizes the semantic functions and the markers of each of the temporal
qualifications in Tsou. Chapter four discusses and analyzes the syntax of
temporal expressions in Tsou, including grammatical roles, grammatical
categories, and syntactic functions of temporal expressions. Finally,
chapter five concludes this study.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Austronesian Languages
Subject Language(s): Tsou
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3862880117
ISBN-13: 9783862880119
Pages: 260
Prices: Europe EURO 67.70