"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Social Psychology of English as a Global Language
Attitudes, Awareness and Identity in the Japanese Context
This ground-breaking work is a detailed account of an innovative and
in-depth study of the attitudes of in excess of 500 Japanese learners
towards a number of standard and non-standard as well as native and
non-native varieties of English speech. The research conducted refines the
investigation of learner attitudes by employing a range of pioneering
techniques of attitude measurement. These methods are largely incorporated
from the strong traditions that exist in the fields of social psychology
and second language acquisition and utilize both direct and indirect
techniques of attitude measurement. The author locates the findings in the
context of the wealth of literature on native speaker evaluations of
languages and language varieties.
The study is unique in that the results provide clear evidence of both
attitude change and high levels of linguistic awareness among the
informants of social and geographical diversity within the English
language. These findings are analyzed in detail in relation to the global
spread of English as well as in terms of the pedagogical implications for
the choice of linguistic model employed in English language classrooms both
inside and outside Japan.
The issues examined are of particular interest to educators, researchers
and students in the fields of applied linguistics, TESOL, second language
acquisition, social psychology of language and sociolinguistics. The
pedagogical and language policy implications of the findings obtained make
essential reading for those with a specific focus on the role of the
English language and English language teaching, both in Japan and beyond.