"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
*Presents multiple perspectives on the trait of languages and the method of
*Features multiple approaches developed for assessment
*Focuses on the societal roles of language testers and their responsibility
to be socially accountable
*Examines language testing in multilingual and diverse contexts
This volume addresses the broad theme and specific topics associated with
current thinking in the field of language testing and assessment. The
volume offers *Multiple perspectives on the ‘what’ (the ‘trait’) of
languages, and the ‘how’ (‘the method’) of assessment *Multiple approaches
developed for assessment especially given the multiplicity of languages
used by many diverse groups of learners in many different contexts *Focus
on the societal roles of language testers, their responsibility to be
socially accountable and to ensure ethicality and professionalism *Focus on
language testing in multilingual and diverse contexts
This is one of ten volumes of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education
published by Springer. The Encyclopedia bears testimony to the dynamism and
evolution of the language and education field, as it confronts the
ever-burgeoning and irrepressible linguistic diversity and ongoing
pressures and expectations placed on education around the world.