"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Spanish in the Southwest region of the United States predates the
appearance of English in this country. The language has had an
uninterrupted presence in the Río Grande corridor since 1598, and has
spread geographically and demographically over the last four centuries.
Despite that growth, it is being lost among younger generations that trend
toward English monolingualism; thus, Spanish exists in a tremendous state
of flux in the U.S. Southwest.
The present volume's principal goal is to provide a window into this
dynamic through a collection of essays focused on linguistic and
sociolinguistic topics on Southwest Spanish. It includes studies of its
history, its maintenance and the shift to English, descriptive studies of
current varieties of the language, issues in attitudes and identities of
its speakers, and language politics and policies in Spanish Heritage
Speaker pedagogy. In doing so, this book seeks to capture a historic moment
in the constantly unfolding linguistic and political realities that both
encourage and threaten the existence of Southwest Spanish.