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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Idiom Treatment Experiments in Machine Translation
Written By: Dimitra Anastasiou
Description:

In 1975 Searle mentioned to speak idiomatically unless there is some good
reason not to do so. Fillmore, Kay, and O’ Connor in 1988 defined an
idiomatic expression or construction as something that a language user
could fail to know while knowing everything else in the language. Our
language is rich of conversational phrases, idioms, metaphors, and
generally expressions used in metaphorical meaning. These idiomatic
expressions pose a particular challenge for Machine Translation (MT),
because their translation mostly does not result literally, but logically.
The present book shows how idiomatic expressions can be recognized and
correctly translated with the help of a bilingual idiom dictionary
(English-German), a monolingual (German) corpus, and morphosyntactic rules.
The work focuses on the field of Example-based Machine Translation (EBMT).
A theory of idiomatic expressions with their syntactic and semantic
properties is provided, followed by the practical part of the book which
describes how the hybrid EBMT system METIS-II is able to correctly process
idiomatic expressions. A comparison of METIS-II with three commercial
systems shows that idioms are not impossible to translate as it was
predicted in 1952: “The only way for a machine to treat idioms is - not to
have idioms!”.

This book furnishes plenty of examples of idiomatic phrases and provides
the foundation for how MT systems can process and translate idioms by means
of simple linguistic resources.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Computational Linguistics
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9781443825153
Pages: 265
Prices: U.K. £ 39.99