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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Book Information

   
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Title: Pronouns as Elsewhere Elements
Subtitle: Implications for Language Acquisition
Written By: Elaine Grolla
Description:

This book investigates the acquisition of pronominal elements by monolingual
children acquiring English and Brazilian Portuguese as their native languages.
Previous studies have found non-adult behavior in children’s use and
comprehension of pronouns in two syntactic contexts: resumptive pronouns
in relative clauses and anaphoric pronouns bound by argumental noun
phrases. Children perform similarly on both contexts, incorrectly accepting
these cases at chance level. The age-range when this chance performance is
detected is the same in both cases, around 4 and 5 years.

The present study offers a unifying account for such behavior, assuming that
bound pronouns are always last resort, whose use requires trans-derivational
comparison. Along the lines of previous work done by Grodzinsky and
Reinhart (1993), it is claimed that such a comparison is too demanding for
young children, as their limited working memory cannot handle complex
computations

Two sets of experiments were carried out, testing the same children on both
contexts. The results show that those behaving at chance in one context had
the same behavior in the other. They also showed that children had chance
level performance not only with pronouns bound by referential antecedents,
but also with quantified ones.

These results are compatible with the view that children’s problems with
bound pronouns are related to processing difficulties rather than to the lack of
some linguistic knowledge.

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Psycholinguistics
Syntax
Language Acquisition
Subject Language(s): English
Portuguese
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9781443823746
Pages: 175
Prices: U.S. $ 52.99