It was about one and a half years ago that I finally I arrived where I had always wanted to be and do what I had always wanted-- teach students, support small language communities and conduct research on African languages on my doorstep. The University of Cape Town and my new colleagues welcomed my efforts to establish the Centre for African Language Diversity-- CALDi as well as The African Language Archive-- TALA and I was recently appointed the Mellon Research Chair: African Language Diversity this initiative. The main aim of CALDi is to train young African scholars in descriptive linguistics and open up space for research into African languages at UCT with the hopes of countering the dominance of African linguistics outside the continent. It has been a great challenge for which my whole career has been a form of preparation...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
In "The Syntax of Adjectives", Guglielmo Cinque offers cross-linguistic
evidence that adjectives have two sources. Arguing against the standard
view, and reconsidering his own earlier analysis, Cinque proposes that
adjectives enter the nominal phase either as "adverbial" modifiers to the
noun or as predicates of reduced relative clauses. Some of his evidence
comes from a systematic comparison between Romance and Germanic languages.
These two language families differ with respect to the canonical position
taken by adjectives, which is prenominal in Germanic and both pre- and
postnominal in Romance. Cinque shows that a simple N(oun)-raising analysis
encounters a number of problems, the primary one of which is its inability
to express a fundamental generalization governing the interpretation of
pre- and postnominal adjectives in the two language families. Cinque argues
that N-raising as such should be abandoned in favor of XP-raising--a
conclusion also supported by evidence from other language families.
After developing this framework for analyzing the syntax of adjectives,
Cinque applies it to the syntax of English and Italian adjectives. An
appendix offers a brief discussion of other languages that appear to
distinguish overtly between the two sources of adjectives.