"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
In "Agreement and Head Movement", Ian Roberts explores the consequences of
Chomsky's conjecture that head movement is not part of the narrow syntax,
the computational system that relates the lexicon to the interfaces. Unlike
other treatments of the subject that discard the concept entirely,
Roberts's monograph retains the core intuition behind head movement and
examines to what extent it can be reformulated and rethought. Roberts
argues that the current conception of syntax must accommodate a species of
head movement, although this operation differs somewhat in technical detail
and in empirical coverage from earlier understandings of it. He proposes
that head movement is part of the narrow syntax and that it applies where
the goal of an Agree relation is defective, in a sense that he defines.
Roberts argues that the theoretical status of head movement is very
similar--in fact identical in various ways--to that of XP-movement. Thus
head-movement, like XP-movement, should be regarded as part of narrow
syntax exactly to the extent that XP-movement should be. If one aspect of
minimalist theorizing is to eliminate unnecessary distinctions, then
Roberts's argument can be seen as eliminating the distinction between
"heads" and "phrases" in relation to internal merge (and therefore reducing
the distinctions currently made between internal and external merge).