It was about one and a half years ago that I finally I arrived where I had always wanted to be and do what I had always wanted-- teach students, support small language communities and conduct research on African languages on my doorstep. The University of Cape Town and my new colleagues welcomed my efforts to establish the Centre for African Language Diversity-- CALDi as well as The African Language Archive-- TALA and I was recently appointed the Mellon Research Chair: African Language Diversity this initiative. The main aim of CALDi is to train young African scholars in descriptive linguistics and open up space for research into African languages at UCT with the hopes of countering the dominance of African linguistics outside the continent. It has been a great challenge for which my whole career has been a form of preparation...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
In "Arguments as Relations", John Bowers proposes a radically new approach
to argument structure that has the potential to unify data from a wide
range of different language types in terms of a simple and universal
syntactic structure. In many ways, Bowers's theory is the natural extension
of three leading ideas in the literature: the minimalist approach to Case
theory (particularly Chomsky's idea that Case is assigned under the Agree
function relation); the idea of introducing arguments in specifiers of
functional categories rather than in projections of lexical categories; and
the neo-Davidsonian approach to argument structure represented in the work
of Parsons and others. Bowers pulls together these strands in the
literature and shapes them into a unified theory.
These ideas, together with certain basic assumptions--notably the idea that
the initial order of merge of the three basic argument categories of Agent,
Theme, and Affectee is just the opposite of what has been almost
universally assumed in the literature--lead Bowers to a fundamental
rethinking of argument structure. He proposes that every argument is merged
as the specifier of a particular type of light verb category and that these
functional argument categories merge in bottom-to-top fashion in accordance
with a fixed Universal Order of Merge (UOM). In the hierarchical structures
that result from these operations, Affectee arguments will be highest,
Theme arguments next highest, and Agent arguments lowest--exactly the
opposite of the usual assumption.