"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The present volume contains a selection of papers presented at the 7th
Chronos colloquium in Antwerp (2006). They specifically focus on issues
dealing with the categories of Aktionsart, aspect and tense, and the
possible relations between these categories, mainly in Germanic and Romance
languages. Some of the papers in this collection put the relation between
tense and modal meaning into focus, which was in fact the Antwerp
conference’s special topic. More in particular, the papers in this volume
deal with: non-state imperfectives in Romance and West-Germanic; aspectual
properties of French locative constructions; a new typology of
accomplishments and achievements; the compatibility of (im)perfective
aspect with negation; temporal properties of gerundive adjunct clauses in
Portuguese; the Present Perfective Puzzle; the multiple meanings of the
present perfect in the Germanic languages; modal uses of present and
non-present tenses in Dutch and French; the impossibility to use
‘perfective’ viewpoint tenses in conditional protases.
Tanja Mortelmans and Walter De Mulder: Introduction
Werner Abraham and Cláudio C. e C. Gonçalvez: Non-state imperfectives in
Romance and West-Germanic: How does Germanic render the progressive?
Maria Asnes: Aspectual symmetry between indirect locative and external
arguments: the French case
Fabienne Martin: Revisiting the distinction between accomplishments and
Matti Miestamo and Johan van der Auwera: Negation and perfective vs.
António Leal: Some semantic aspects of gerundive clauses in European Portuguese
Gerhard Schaden: Introducing the present perfective puzzle
Björn Rothstein: Why the present perfect differs crosslinguistically. Some
Karen Deschamps and Hans Smessaert: (Non)-modal uses of the present
indicative in Dutch legislation
Adeline Patard and Arnaud Richard: Attenuation in French simple tenses
Patrick Caudal: Towards a novel aspectuo-temporal account of conditionals