"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Key Features Brings together a range of views on the concept of the native speaker including psycholinguistic, linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects Concludes that all characteristics of the native speaker (except early childhood exposure) are contingent
Description Linguists, applied linguists and language teachers all appeal to the native speaker as an important reference point. But what exactly (who exactly?) is the native speaker? This book examines the native speaker from different points of view, arguing that the native speaker is both myth and reality.
Contents Preface to First edition Preface to Second edition Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Psycholinguistic aspects of the native speaker Chapter 3: Linguistic aspects of the native speaker Chapter 4: Sociolinguistic aspects of the native speaker Chapter 5: Lingualism and the knowledges of the native speaker Chapter 6: Communicative aspects of the native speaker Chapter 7: Intelligibility and the speech community Chapter 8: Losing one's language Chapter 9: Assessment and second language acquisition research Chapter 10: Conclusion: who is the native speaker? Appendix/ References/ Index
Author information Alan Davies has taught and researched English and Applied Linguistics in Kenya, Nepal, Australia, Hong Kong and the U.K and is now Emeritus Professor of Applied Linguistics in the University of Edinburgh. In the 1960s he developed the English Proficiency Test Battery, which the British Council used prior to ELTS and IELTS. A former editor of the journals Applied Linguistics and Language Testing, his publications include Principles of Language Testing (Blackwell 1990), An Introduction to Applied Linguistics (Edinburgh U.P. 1999) and Dictionary of Language Testing (Cambridge U.P. 1999).