"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Variety and Variability
A Corpus-based Cognitive Lexical-semantics Analysis of Prepositional Usage in British, New Zealand and Malaysian English
Research into varieties of Englishes around the world has received
much attention from scholars. This book offers a new perspective
from a cognitive inter and intra lexemic analysis of prepositional
variations in Malaysian English and contrasts them with similar
prepositions in New Zealand and British English. Based on corpora
data from the three varieties, the author provides usage types analysis
of the prepositions at, in and on. The analysis exploits cognitive
approaches to prepositional polysemy and gives a motivated account
of prepositional variations across varieties. The book offers a wealth
of corpus based linguistic data and explanation to our understanding
of variations in prepositional usage in different varieties of English.
The distributional frequencies of various usage types are provided to
illustrate the variation.
Contents: Variety and Variability - Descriptions of Prepositional
Meaning - A Cognitive Linguistic Framework for Prepositional Usage -
The Data Source & Methodology of Usage-type Resolution - Looking
at 'at' - Indulging in 'in' - Reflecting on 'on'.
Imran Ho-Abdullah, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Linguistics at
the School of Language Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Social
Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. He has
conducted extensive research in various aspects of English and Malay
linguistics using corpus methodology and cognitive linguistics