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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Book Information


Title: Semantics and Word Formation
Subtitle: The Semantic Development of Five French Suffixes in Middle English
Written By: Cynthia Lloyd
Series Title: Studies in Historical Linguistics - Volume 6

This book is about the integration into English of the five nominal
suffixes -ment, -ance, -ation, -age and -al, which entered Middle English
via borrowings from French, and which now form abstract nouns by attaching
themselves to various base categories, as in cord/cordage or
adjust/adjustment. The possibility is considered that each suffix might
individually affect the general semantic profile of nouns which it forms. A
sample of first attributions from the Middle English Dictionary is analysed
for each suffix, in order to examine biases in suffixes towards certain
semantic areas. It is argued that such biases exist both in real-world
semantics, such as the choice of bases with moral or practical meanings,
and in distinct aspects of the shared core meaning of action or
collectivity expressed by the derived deverbal or denominal nouns. The
results for the ME database are then compared with the use of words in the
same suffixes across a selection of works from Shakespeare. In this way it
can be shown how such tendencies may persist or change over time.


Productivity and Semantics - English and French in Medieval England - The
Suffix -ment in Middle English - The Suffix -ance/-ence in Middle English -
The Suffix -ation in Middle English - The Suffix -age in Middle English -
The Suffix -al in Middle English - Five Suffixes over Three Periods of
Middle English - Five Suffixes in Ten Plays by Shakespeare.

Cynthia Lloyd graduated in English from the University of Bristol and
gained a research MA by thesis on connections between language and
literature in early modern English. In 1991 she read for an MA in
linguistics at the University of York, and in 2005 completed a PhD in the
field of word formation at the University of Leeds. She has taught Middle
English for the MA programme at Bristol University, humanities courses for
the Open University in Bristol and Manchester, and English language at the
Universities of Benghazi and Kuwait. She has previously published articles
in the field of French suffixes in English.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Peter Lang AG
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis
Historical Linguistics
Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language(s): English, Middle
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3039119109
ISBN-13: 9783039119103
Pages: 313
Prices: U.K. £ 38.00
Europe EURO 42.20
U.S. $ 65.95