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Title: The Syntax of Argument Structure
Written By: Leonard H Babby
Series Title: Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 120

Each verb in natural language is associated with a set of arguments,
which are not systematically predictable from the verb's meaning and
are realized syntactically as the projected sentence's subject, direct
object, etc. Babby puts forward the theory that this set of arguments
(the verb's 'argument structure') has a universal hierarchical
composition which directly determines the sentence's case and
grammatical relations. The structure is uniform across language
families and types, and this theory is supported by the fact that the
core grammatical relations within simple sentences of all human
languages are essentially identical. Babby determines and empirically
justifies the rigid hierarchical organization of argument structure on
which this theory rests. The book uses examples taken primarily from
Russian, a language whose complex inflectional system, free word
order, and lack of obligatory determiners make it the typological
polar opposite of English.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
Subject Language(s): Russian
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9780521182331
Prices: U.S. $ 39.99
U.K. £ 23.99