"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Since creole languages draw their properties from both their substrate and
superstrate sources, the typological classification of creoles has long been a
major issue for creolists, typologists, and linguists in general. Several
contradictory proposals have been put forward in the literature. For example,
creole languages typologically pair with their superstrate languages
(Chaudenson 2003), with their substrate languages (Lefebvre 1998), or even,
creole languages are alike (Bickerton 1984) such that they constitute a
“definable typological class” (McWhorter 1998). This book contains 25
chapters bearing on detailed comparisons of some 30 creoles and their
substrate languages. As the substrate languages of these creoles are
typologically different, the detailed investigation of substrate features
creoles leads to a particular answer to the question of how creoles should be
classified typologically. The bulk of the data show that creoles reproduce the
typological features of their substrate languages. This argues that creoles
cannot be claimed to constitute a definable typological class.