"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book offers a comprehensive account of Arabicization in the Middle
East and Egypt in the early period of the Arab conquests. Drawing on
material from ancient Arabic grammarians as well as modern studies in
second language acquisition, it analyzes the linguistic and non-linguistic
ecological factors that contributed to the development of Arabic during the
early period after the Arab conquests. It describes the pre-Islamic
linguistic and sociolinguistic situation and traces the development in this
period. The sociological, cultural, and sociolinguistic context is sketched
to determine the nature and quality of the process of learning Arabic in
the early period. The work further discusses the process of learning Arabic
as a second language and the input provided by the native speakers, which
both affected the structure of the emerging dialects.