"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Japanese Sentence-Final Particles in Talk-in-Interaction
The Japanese sentence-final particles, ne, yo and yone have proved notoriously difficult to explain and are especially challenging
for second language users. This book investigates the role of the particles
in talk-in-interaction with the aim of providing a comprehensive
understanding that accounts for their pragmatic properties and sequential
functions and that provides a sound basis for second language pedagogy.
This study starts by setting up an original particle function hypothesis
based on the figure/ground gestalt, and then tests its validity
empirically with unmarked, marked and native/non-native talk-in-interaction
data. The analysis illustrates not only expectable but also unexpected or
strategic use of particles, as well as the problems posed for native
speakers by non-native speakers whose use of particles is idiosyncratic.
The study demonstrates that the proposed hypothesis is capable of
accounting for all the uses of particles in the extensive and varied data
set examined. This book will be of interest to students and scholars in
pragmatics and CA and to teachers of Japanese as a foreign language.