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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: The Articulatory Basis of Locality in Phonology
Written By: Adamantios I. Gafos
Description:

This work elucidates the nature of the notion of Locality in phonology, describing the minimal conditions under which sounds assimilate to one another. The central thesis is that a sound can assimilate to another sound only if gestural contiguity is established between these two sounds. The argument supporting the central thesis of this book is unique in bringing evidence from articulatory dynamics, electromyography, and cross-linguistic sound patterns to converge on the same notion of locality in phonology. The main analytical focus is on phenomena that at first appear problematic for the central thesis but, in fact, turn out to provide striking confirmation of its correctness. In particular, attention is drawn to the kind of assimilation called "long distance," where the target and trigger of the assimilation process are not adjacent in the phonological string. Consonant Harmony, for example, is an apparent assimilation between the two consonants in a CVC sequence that seems to skip the vowel. A cross-linguistic investigation reveals a rather restricted typology of consonant harmony: the gestural parameters subject to assimilation are only those describing the mid-sagittal and cross-sectional shape of the tongue tip-blade. It turns out that these are precisely the consonantal gestural parameters that can propagate through the intervening vowel without a significant effect on the acoustic quality of that vowel. Hence, the specific properties of consonant harmony confirm the prediction of the central thesis that assimilation between the two consonants in a CVC sequence propagates through the vowel.

Publication Year: 1999
Publisher: Garland Publishers
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
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Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815332866
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 296pp
Prices: $66.00