"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Selected Writings on Slavic and General Linguistics
The larger part of the present volume is about Slavic historical
linguistics while the second part is about more general issues and
methodological aspects. The initial chapters contain a revision of the
author’s Slavic Accentuation and a discussion of the Slovene
evidence for the Late Proto-Slavic accentual system and of the Kiev
Leaflets. These are complemented by an extensive review of Garde’s theory
and an introductory article about the work of earlier authors for those who
are unfamiliar with the subject. Then follows a discussion of changes in
the vowel system, Bulgarian developments, final syllables in Slavic, early
changes in the consonant system, and of Halle and Kiparsky’s review of
Garde’s book. This results in a relative chronology of 70 stages from
Proto-Indo-European to Slavic. The following chapters deal with the
progressive palatalization, the accentuation of West and South Slavic
languages, various aspects of the Old Slovene manuscripts, the chronology
of nominal paradigms, and other issues under discussion in recent
publications. The second part of the present volume contains a number of
case studies exemplifying specific theoretical problems, most of them of a
semantic nature. The synchronic studies deal with Russian and Japanese
syntax and semantics, the diachronic studies with tonogenesis in different
languages and with semantic reconstruction in Altaic and Chinese.