"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book deals with bilingual education in general, but it pays special
attention to bilingual education in monolingual areas. One central aim is to
study the effects of bilingual programmes during the final stages of Primary
and Secondary Education in contexts where the L2 (English) is not normally
used as an instrument of social communication in the students' environment,
but instead is used only at school, where some subject areas are undertaken
totally or partially in this language. The reader interested in bilingual education
will find a valuable source of information on different bilingual programmes in
the USA and Spain: what schools do and the contents they teach, their
timetable and extracurricular activities; the specific objectives that they aim
to achieve and the methodology they use, with special reference to the CLIL
approach, the schools and the students' level of success with bilingual
education, the most common problems that they have to face in monolingual
areas and how to solve them.
Contents: Daniel Madrid/Stephen Hughes: Introduction to Bilingual and
Plurilingual Education - José Luis Ortega Martín: The Primary and Secondary
School Curriculum in Spain - Sacramento Jaímez/Ana M. López Morillas: The
Andalusian Plurilingual Programme in Primary and Secondary Education -
José Roa/Daniel Madrid/Inmaculada Sanz: A Bilingual Education Research
Project in Monolingual Areas - Ana María Ramos García/José Luis Ortega
Martín/Daniel Madrid: Bilingualism and Competence in the Mother Tongue -
Javier Villoria/Stephen Hughes/Daniel Madrid: Learning English and Learning
through English - Daniel Madrid: Monolingual and Bilingual Students'
Competence in Social Sciences - Ana María Ramos García: The Cultural
Knowledge of Monolingual and Bilingual Studies - Miguel Angel Pérez Abad:
The International Spanish Academies in California - Diego Uribe: The Dual
Immersion Program at R.W. Emerson Elementary (USA) - Miguel Fernández
Álvarez/Juan Ignacio García Rico: Bilingual Education at Roosevelt
Elementary School in Cicero (USA) - José Manuel Vez: Plurilingual Education
in Bilingual Areas: The Case of Galicia - Stephen Hughes/Daniel Madrid:
Synthesis of Principles, Practices and Results.