The volume addresses the role of salience in discourse and provides broad
coverage of various perspectives on and functions of discourse salience. The
range of multidisciplinary approaches adopted in the volume differ with regard
to the underlying theoretical proposals and foci of research. The topics range
from (i) entity-based salience to (ii) discourse-structural salience of
utterances to (iii) extra-linguistic factors of salience in discourse. Accordingly,
the volume is organized into three sections.
Part I focuses on discourse referents and the choice of referring expressions.
The contributions cover issues such as salience and demonstrativity in
Russian, discourse salience and grammatical voice in the West Siberian
language Eastern Khanty, the joined information of syntactic and semantic
prominence, and a computational framework of salience metrics. The
contributions to Part II are concerned with linguistic structures at or above the
clause level. The salience of discourse segments is addressed with respect
to the translation of discourse relations and position of verb arguments in Old
High German. Part III extends the scope beyond purely linguistic phenomena
and deals with the role of extra-linguistic salience in discourse processing.
Visual salience in a situated-dialog context, salience marking by hypertextual
links, and extra-linguistic salience derived from a mental representation of the
described situation are all discussed here.
The notion of salience is of relevance to discourse studies in theoretical
linguistics, computational linguistics, as well as psycholinguistics.