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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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Title: A Grammar of Ubykh
Written By: Rohan S.H. Fenwick
URL: http://www.lincom-shop.eu
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Caucasian Linguistics 19
Description:

Ubykh is one of the languages comprising the small North-West Caucasian
(Abkhazo-Adyghean) language family. It is SOV, ergative, postpositional,
head-marking, and massively agglutinative. First attested in around 1650 in
the Seyâhatnâme of Evliya Çelebi, it was originally spoken in the region
surrounding the modern Russian city of Sochi, then in exile in north-western
Turkey after the 19th-century invasion of the northern Caucasus by the
Russian Empire and subsequent emigration en masse of the Ubykh nation.
Since the death in 1992 of Ubykh’s last competent native speaker, Tevfik
Esenç, the language has been functionally extinct.

Ubykh already has considerable linguistic renown for its titanic inventory of
consonant phonemes (comprising at least 80 segments in the only well-
attested dialect), but it also demonstrates great complexity in morphology
and syntax. This sketch takes a heavily descriptive approach, outlining not
only Ubykh’s complex phonology and phonetics, but also its inflectional and
derivational morphology – including the most comprehensive account to date
of Ubykh noun morphology – and syntax, with particular focus on describing
attested idiolectic and dialectic variation. The sketch is liberally illustrated
with examples drawn mainly from 14 identified speakers, and is based upon
both the published corpus and previously unpublished field recordings; many
of the example sentences and one of the sample texts are published here for
the first time. It is hoped that this sketch, the first Ubykh grammar in English,
will stimulate renewed interest in the language and provide a useful reference
for Caucasological researchers.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Morphology
Phonetics
Phonology
Syntax
Typology
Caucasian
Subject Language(s): Ubykh
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783862880508
Pages: 225
Prices: Europe EURO 124