"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Please Note: This is a new version of a previously announced text.
Adventuring in Dictionaries: New Studies in the History of Lexicography
brings together seventeen papers on the making of dictionaries from the
sixteenth century to the present day. The first five treat English and French
lexicography in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Heberto Fernandez
and Monique Cormier discuss the outside matter of French–English bilingual
dictionaries; Kusujiro Miyoshi re-assesses the influence of Robert Cawdrey;
John Considine uncovers the biography of Henry Cockeram; Antonella
Amatuzzi discusses Pierre Borel’s use of his predecessors; and Fredric
Dolezal investigates multi-word units in the dictionary of John Wilkins and
William Lloyd. Linda Mitchell’s account of dictionaries as behaviour guides in
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries leads on to Giovanni Iamartino’s
presentation of words associated with women in the dictionary of Samuel
Johnson, and Thora Van Male’s of the ornaments in the Encyclopédie.
Nineteenth-century and subsequent topics are treated by Anatoly Liberman
on the growth of the English etymological dictionary; Julie Coleman on
dictionaries of rhyming slang; Laura Pinnavaia on Richardson’s New
Dictionary and the changing vocabulary of English; Peter Gilliver on early
editorial decisions and reconsiderations in the making of the Oxford English
Dictionary; Anne Dykstra on the use of Latin as the metalanguage in Joost
Halbertsma’s Lexicon Frisicum; Laura Santone on the “Dictionnaire critique”
serialized in Georges Bataille’s Surrealist review Documents; Sylvia Brown
on the stories of missionary lexicography behind the Eskimo–English
Dictionary of 1925; and Michael Adams on the legacies of the Early Modern
English Dictionary project. The diverse critical perspectives of the leading
lexicographers and historians of lexicography who contribute to this volume
are united by a shared interest in the close reading of dictionaries, and a
shared concern with the making and reading of dictionaries as human
activities, which cannot be understood without attention to the lives of the
people who undertook them.