"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Research on nominalization, a process that gives rise to referring
expressions, has always played a central role in linguistic investigations.
Over the years there has also been growing evidence that nominalization
constructions often extend to non-referential domains. They participate in
noun-modifying expressions (e.g. genitive and relative clauses),
subordinate clauses and topic constructions, finite structures with the
nominalizers reanalyzed as TAM markers, and stance constructions with
evaluative, attitudinal, evidential and epistemic overtones. This volume
brings together historical and crosslinguistic evidence from more than 20
different languages representing six different language families spanning
the Asian continent and the Pacific and Indian oceans to elucidate the
strategies and grammaticalization pathways that give rise to both
referential and non-referential uses of nominalization constructions. This
collection highlights the diversity of strategies and at the same time the
robust cyclical nature of change within and across languages. The combined
diachronic and typological analyses in this volume are particularly
valuable for linguistic research on diachronic morphosyntax and linguistic
‘universals’, and are also an important supplementary cross-referencing
tool for linguistic investigations of versatile and ubiquitous morphemes in