In order for science to advance, previous research findings must be reviewed
and criticized. However, conveying criticism is particularly difficult for
scientists who must, at the same time, try to maintain an impersonal stance.
This co-edited collection of independent studies written by scholars from
many different countries addresses the thorny issue of criticism in science
through discourse analysis of written scientific texts.
The research reported in this volume deals with questions such as: 1) how
criticism is conveyed by various linguistic communities, such as Serbian,
French, Spanish, German and English; 2) how criticism is handled in various
genres, with examples drawn from book reviews, referees' reports, research
articles, editorials, and review/meta-analysis papers; 3) the extent to which
criticism is influenced by academic discipline, with findings from linguistics,
economics, biology, business, musicology, chemistry, literary research,
medicine, and physics, and 4) the impact interpersonal considerations have
on the linguistic realization of criticism.
The conclusions reached by these contributions have implications for both
the academic world and society at large in the sense that a fuller
understanding of how criticism is expressed will help in the education of
future scholars and in the understanding of the social construction of
Contents: Françoise Salager-Meyer/Beverly A. Lewin: Introduction - Federico
Navarro: The Critical Act as a Pragmatic Unit for Studying Academic Conflict:
A Methodological Framework - Esmat Babaii: Hard Science, Hard Talk? The
Study of Negative Comments in Physics Book Reviews - Davide Simone
Giannoni: 'Don't be stupid about intelligent design': Confrontational
Impoliteness in Medical Journal Editorials - Dimitra Koutsantoni: 'I felt that
the proposal had some promise, but was hampered by lack of specificity [...]':
Personal Attribution and Mitigation in Grant Proposals Peer review Reports -
Beverly A. Lewin/Hadara Perpignan: Mind the Gap: Criticism in Literary
Criticism - Seyyed-Abdolhamid Mirhosseini: Who Accepts? Who Rejects?
The Case of a Rejected Paper in Applied Linguistics - Françoise Salager-
Meyer/María Ángeles Alcaraz Ariza: Expert Knowledge-Holders, Knowledge-
Builders and Factual Reporters: Critical Voices in Medical Genres - Zofia
Golebiowski: Scholarly Criticism Across Discourse Communities - Ana I.
Moreno Fernández/Lorena Suárez: Academic Book Reviews of Literature in
English and Spanish: Writers' Visibility and Invisibility Strategies for
Expressing Critical Comments - Trine Dahl/Kjersti Fløttum: Wrong or Just
Different? How Existing Knowledge is Staged to Promote New Claims in
English Economics and Linguistics Articles - Phuong Dzung Pho/Simon
Musgrave/Julie Bradshaw: Establishing a Niche in Applied Linguistics and
Educational Technology Research Articles - Bojana Petric: Scholarly
Criticism in a Small Academic Community: A Diachronic Study of Book
Reviews in the Oldest Serbian Scholarly Journal - Olivia Fong-wa HA: A
Diachronic Study of Music Criticism: The Case of Record Reviews.