"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
De Gruyter linguae & litterae / Publications of the School of Language and Literature Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies 6
This volume embarks on an exploration of the processual and dynamic
character of grammatical constructions in emergence, both from an
‘emergent’ and an ‘emerging’ perspective. ‘Emerging’ constructions develop
out of their discourse contexts. Talking of emergent constructions is
compatible with a view of grammar as a stable system of rules and structures
which may ‘emerge’ (i.e., come into existence) out of a pool of previously
unordered elements. ‘Emergent’ constructions on the contrary are due to the
on-line production of grammar in time. The term ‘emergent’ emphasises the
fact that a grammatical structure is always temporary and ephemeral. In both
senses, grammar is modelled as a highly adaptive resource for interaction.
On the basis of empirical studies on spoken English, German, Hebrew,
Swedish and French, the volume addresses the following questions: How can
what initially appears to be construction x end up being construction y in on-
line syntax? What are the local interactional needs which such processes
respond to in the process of their emergence? Does the on-line (re-)modelling
of a construction concern its syntactic or semantic side ‑ or both? And finally:
Should emergent grammatical structures as they unfold in real time be seen
as stages in the emerging of grammar?