"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
'Language attrition' describes the loss of, or changes to, grammatical and other
features of a language as a result of declining use by speakers who have
changed their linguistic environment and language habits. In such a situation
there may, for example, be simplification in the tense system or in certain
properties of subordinate clauses; some vocabulary items might fall into disuse
and phonetic features may be restructured. These changes can be affected by
features of the speaker's environment, but also by his or her attitudes and
processes of identification. This book provides a detailed and up-to-date
introduction to the way in which language attrition can affect language, as well
as to the extra- and sociolinguistic features involved. It also familiarizes the
reader with experimental approaches to attrition and data analysis techniques
and provides hands-on guidelines on how to apply them.