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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Reference in Discourse
Written By: Andrej A. Kibrik
URL: http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199215805
Description:

This is the first full study of how people refer to entities in natural discourse.
It contributes to the understanding of both linguistic diversity and the
cognitive underpinnings of language and it provides a framework for further
research in both fields. Andrej Kibrik focuses on the way specific entities are
mentioned in natural discourse, during which about every third word usually
depends on referential choice. He considers reference as an overt
representation of underlying cognitive processes and combines a
theoretically-oriented cognitive approach with empirically-based cross-
linguistic analysis. He begins by introducing the cognitive approach to
discourse analysis and by examining the relationship between discourse
studies and linguistic typology. He discusses reference as a linguistic
phenomenon, in connection with the traditional notions of deixis, anaphora,
givenness, and topicality, and describes the way his theoretical approach is
centered on notions of referent activation in working memory. He argues that
the speaker is responsible for the shape of discourse and that referential
expressions should be understood as choices made by speakers rather than
as puzzles to be solved by
addressees.

Kibrik examines the cross-linguistic aspects of reference and the typology of
referential devices, including referring expressions per se, such as free and
bound pronouns, and referential aids that help to tell apart the concurrently
activated entities. This discussion is based on the data from about 200
languages from around the world. He then proposes a comprehensive model
of referential choice, in which he draws on concepts from cognitive
linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology, and cognitive
neuroscience, and applies this to Russian and English. He also draws
together his empirical analyses in order to examine what light his analysis of
discourse can shed on the way information is processed in working memory.
In the final part of the book Andrej Kibrik offers a wider perspective, including
deixis, referential aspects of gesticulation and signed languages.

This pioneering work will interest linguists and cognitive scientists interested
in discourse, reference, typology, and the operations of working memory in
linguistic communication.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis
Psycholinguistics
Semantics
Typology
Cognitive Science
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9780199215805
Pages: 688
Prices: U.K. £ 80.00