"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The contributions making up this volume in honor of Eloise Jelinek are written from a formalist perspective that deals with stereotypically functionalist questions about language. Jelinek's pioneering work in formalist syntax has shown that autonomous syntax need not exist in a vacuum. Her work has highlighted the importance of incorporating the effects of discourse and information structure on the syntactic representation. This book aims to invoke Jelinek's work either in substance or spirit. The focus is on Jelinek's influential Pronominal Argument Hypothesis as an "non-configurational" language; the influence of discourse-related interface phenomena on syntactic structure; the syntactic analysis of the grammaticalization; interactions between morphology, phonology and phonetics; and foundational issues about the link between formal grammar and function of language, as well as the methodological issues underlying the different approaches to linguistics.
Table of contents
Contributors vii Acknowledgments ix Introduction: Formalizing Functionalism Andrew Carnie and Heidi Harley 1–8 Part I: The Pronominal Argument Hypothesis 9 On the significance of Eloise Jelinek’s Pronominal Argument Hypothesis Kenneth L. Hale 11–43 Categories and pronominal arguments Emmon Bach 45–49 Doubling by Agreement in Slave (Northern Athapaskan) Keren Rice 51–78 uasi objects in St’át’imcets: On the (semi-)independence of Agreement and Case Henry Davis and Lisa Matthewson 79–106 Agreement, dislocation, and partial configurationality Mark C. Baker 107–132 Part I: Interfaces 133 Multiple multiple questions Molly Diesing 135–153 Attitude evaluation in complex NPs Lynn Nichols 155–164 Topic-Focus articulation and degrees of salience in the Prague Dependency Treebank Petr Sgall, Eva Hajičová and Eva Buráňová 165–177 Word order and discourse genre in Tohono O’odham Colleen M. Fitzgerald 179–189 The prosody of interrogative and focus constructions in Navajo Joyce McDonough 191–206 Subject number agreement, grammaticalization, and transitivity in the Cupeño verb construction Jane H. Hill 207–226 Lexical irregularity in OT: DOT vs. Variable Constraint Ranking Diana Archangeli 227–244 Rapid perceptibility as a factor underlying universals of vowel inventories Natasha Warner 245–261 Part I: Foundational issues 263 Argument hierarchies and the mapping principle Eloise Jelinek and Andrew Carnie 265–296 Focus movement and the nature of uninterpretable features Simin Karimi 297–306 Merge D. Terence Langendoen 307–318 Phonotactics and probabilistic ranking Michael Hammond 319–332 Deconstructing functionalist explanations of linguistic universals Thomas G. Bever 333–352 References 353–369 Name index 371 Subject index 373