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Title: A Short Grammar of Alorese (Austronesian)
Written By: Marian Klamer
URL: http://lincom-shop.eu
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 486
Description:

Alorese (Bahasa Alor) (25,000 speakers) is the only indigenous Austronesian
(Malayo-Polynesian) language spoken amongst the Papuan languages of the
Alor-Pantar archipelago in south-eastern Indonesia. Like many of the other
minority languages spoken in this part of Indonesia, Alorese has not been
previously described. This sketch is based on primary data collected by the
author during on-site fieldwork in 2003.

While earlier sources suggest that Alorese is a dialect of Lamaholot, this
grammar compares the Alorese basic lexicon with that of three Lamaholot
dialects, to suggest that Alorese is a language of its own. Another feature
that distinguishes Alorese from any of the Lamaholot dialects is its isolating
profile, lacking all productive morphology.

There are significant lexical differences between Alorese dialects spoken on
Pantar island and those spoken on Alor. The present sketch notes such
variation, but emphasis is on the language as it is spoken in Baranusa, west
Pantar. Historical and ethnographic evidence is presented to reconstruct the
history of its speakers as migrants from the east Flores Lamaholot-speaking
region, who arrived in Pantar before or around 1,300 AD. Alorese phonology
and morphology are sketched before presenting the major grammatical
constructions used. Serial verb constructions, especially directional ones, are
often used. Alorese combines head-initial clausal constituent order with post-
predicate negation and a clause-final conjunction. It has accusative
alignment, the grammatical relations subject and object are expressed by
constituent order. Alorese non-declarative sentence types are structurally
very similar to declarative ones. Clauses are linked to each by conjunctive
linking words or by complementation; complementation is by juxtaposition.
Alorese contains words and grammatical constructions that are non-
Austronesian. Details are presented suggesting that these are due to different
kinds of contact between Alorese and Papuan languages in historic and
prehistoric times.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Language Documentation
Morphology
Phonology
Austronesian Languages
Subject Language(s): Alor
Language Family(ies): Austronesian
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783862881727
Pages: 142
Prices: Europe EURO 48.80