This book investigates lexical borrowing processes of our era in a
sociolinguistic context. Innovatively, it seeks to examine language contact
in a comprehensive way, taking into account socio- and psycholinguistic
aspects as well as implications for language politics.
As the sociolinguistic focus is primary, the volume also discusses how
technology influences languages and to what extent it creates new
conditions for language contact. As a result, it is proposed that the term
language contact needs to be reevaluated, since the context of
globalization has changed its very essence.
As the increase in the importance of English has been the most significant
global geolinguistic event in the past fifty years, the role of English as
an international lingua franca in modern borrowing is analyzed in detail.
Two case studies are also given, one on the role of English in the EU and
another on the linguistic situation of multilingual Switzerland. The
characteristic features of lexical borrowing are illustrated in a complex
way on linguistic material of a total of over 5000 recent loans in English,
Spanish, German and Hungarian.
Contents: English as a global language/lingua franca - The presence of
English in the world - The influence of English in various domains of life
- International English as a new variety - The linguistic situation of the
European Union: international and intranational communication - Language
contact - Societal bi- and multilingualism vs. diglossia - Phonological,
grammatical, semantic, lexical transfer - The situation of English in
multilingual Switzerland - Communication between the linguistic regions of
Switzerland - The analysis of recent borrowings and transfer strategies in
English, Spanish, German and Hungarian.
Zsuzsa Hoffmann is a linguist and language teacher with an MA (English and
German Linguistics and Literature, Hungarian Linguistics) and a PhD
(English Linguistics) from the University of Debrecen, Hungary. Her
research focuses on sociolinguistics and language contact, more
specifically, borrowing processes.