"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This monograph sets out to derive the effects of standard constraints on
displacement like the Minimal Link Condition (MLC) and the Condition on
Extraction Domain (CED) from more basic principles in a minimalist approach.
Assuming that movement via phase edges is possible only in the presence of
edge features on phase heads, simple restrictions can be introduced on when
such edge features can be inserted derivationally. The resulting system is
shown to correctly predict MLC/CED effects (including certain exceptions, like
intervention without c-command and melting). In addition, it derives operator-
island effects, a restriction on extraction from verb-second clauses, and island
repair by ellipsis. The approach presupposes that syntactic operations apply in
a fixed order: Timing emerges as crucial. Thus, the book provides new
arguments for a strictly derivational organization of syntax. Accordingly, it
should be of interest not only to all syntacticians working on islands, but more
generally to all scholars interested in the overall organization of grammar.