"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Imperative clauses are recognized as one of the major clause types alongside
those known as declarative and interrogative. Nevertheless, they are still an
enigma in the study of meaning, which relies largely on either the concept of
truth conditions or the concept of information growth—neither of which are easily
applied to imperatives. This book puts forward a fresh perspective. It analyzes
imperatives in terms of modalized propositions, and identifies an additional,
presuppositional, meaning component that makes an assertive interpretation
inappropriate. The author shows how these two elements can help explain the
varied effects imperatives have, depending on their usage context.
Imperatives have been viewed as elusive components of language because
they have a range of functions that makes them difficult to unify theoretically.
This fresh view of the semantics-pragmatics interface allows for a uniform
semantic analysis while accounting for the pragmatic versatility of imperatives.