"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing
Grammars are gaining importance in natural language processing and
computational biology as a means of encoding theories and structuring
algorithms. But one serious obstacle to applications of grammars is that
formal language theory traditionally classifies grammars according to their
weak generative capacity (what sets of strings they generate) and tends to
ignore strong generative capacity (what sets of structural descriptions they
generate) even though the latter is more relevant to applications.
This book develops and demonstrates a framework for carrying out rigorous
comparisons of grammar formalisms in terms of their usefulness for
applications, focusing on three areas of application: statistical parsing,
natural language translation, and biological sequence analysis. These results
should pave the way for theoretical research to pursue results that are more
directed towards applications, and for practical research to explore the use of
advanced grammar formalisms more easily.