"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This dissertation addresses the semantics of pluractional verbs in Hausa. The
notion of pluractionality is discussed and delimited with respect to related
phenomena such as aspect. A detailed description of pluractionality in Hausa is
provided, presenting new data based on the author’s fieldwork. This description
lays the empirical groundwork for a theoretical analysis of pluractionality. The
interpretation of pluractional verbs in Hausa is viewed as the result of three
semi-independent meaning components: event plurality, the non-equivalence
condition constraining the process of event individuation, and additional
conditions on use following from the fact that Hausa pluractionals are ‘special’
plurals. These three components do not all have the same status, both with
respect to each other and across speakers. This accounts for some of the
specific properties of Hausa pluractionals, as well as for much of the extensive
variation in the use and interpretation of pluractionals among speakers of
Hausa. This thesis is of interest to both descriptive and theoretical linguists
working on Hausa, pluractionality, or plurality in general.