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Book Information

   
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Title: Phonotactic Illegality and Probability in Speech Perception:
Subtitle: Evidence from second language listeners
Written By: Tom Lentz
Series Title: LOT dissertations
Description:

This book presents empirical evidence on the influence of phonotactics on
speech perception, as well as a theoretical inventory and discussion. There
are many different viewpoints on phonotactic knowledge: it can be described
categorically,as the theory of legality of sound combinations, or
gradiently, as
a theory that explains the probability of sound combinations. This thesis does
not start from linguistic considerations about phonotactic theory, but from
evidence on the application of phonotactic knowledge in speech perception.
Phonotactic knowledge allows listeners to resolve ambiguities, filter out
incorrect structures and segment speech into words. Hence, the acoustic
input is transformed to be in accordance with phonotactics. By contrasting
the predictions of different theories of speech recognition and of
phonotactics, the
experiments reported in this thesis give insight in the psychological
representations of phonotactics, as well as the process of applying this
knowledge to the perception of speech. The experiments include second
language listening,as the application of phonotactics from one language to
another language reveals the independent contribution of phonotactics. The
last chapter of this book includes a discussion of the evidence, leading to
the proposal to include a phonotactic preparser in models of word
recognition. This preparser has the function of ordering all
phonotactically possible interpretations of the acoustic input and removing
the impossible percepts. The benefit of the preparser is that it makes it
unnecessary to look up improperly interpreted speech in the lexicon. The
preparser can explain the experimental evidence on phonotactic effects in
speech perception.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Second Language Acquisition
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789460930737