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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: Appositional constructions
Written By: Herman Heringa
Series Title: LOT dissertation series
Description:

This thesis comprises a thorough investigation of appositional
constructions from a formal linguistic perspective, based on
cross-linguistic data. The key to a better understanding of these
constructions is in studying the syntactic and semantic relationship
between the two main components: the anchor inside the host clause and the
apposition proper. This relation has a paradoxical character. On the one
hand, an apposition is closely linked to its anchor in that they form a
constituent together. On the other hand, the connection between the
apposition and its host is loose in the sense that the apposition
constitutes an independent proposition. It is argued that the semantics as
well as certain morphological and prosodic aspects of the construction are
reflected in, and in fact explained by, the syntax. Nominal appositions are
predicational clauses in which a pronominal representative of the anchor
functions as the subject, and the visible apposition as the predicate. The
two main types of appositions, the attributive ones and the
identificational ones, directly correspond to the major types of
predication known to exist. Special attention is paid to case marking of
appositions. It is demonstrated that predicative case on the apposition,
case matching with the anchor, and mixed patterns occur in different
languages and registers. This confirms the dual nature of the appositional
construction. Furthermore, it is shown that the appositional ‘clause’
behaves as a parenthetical in many respects. The author proposes a specific
theory concerning the attachment of parentheses to the host clause. This
study is of interest to a general linguistic readership, and in particular
to syntacticians and semanticists concerned with appositive constructions,
parenthesis, predication, and case marking.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Syntax
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789460930751