"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 65
This monograph presents a view on grammaticalisation radically different from
standard views centering around the cline of grammaticality. Grammar is seen
as a complex sign system, and, as a consequence, grammatical change always
comprises semantic change. What unites morphology, topology (word order),
constructional syntax and other grammatical subsystems is their paradigmatic
organisation. The traditional concept of an inflexional paradigm is generalised as
the structuring principle of grammar. Grammatical change involves paradigmatic
restructuring, and in the process of grammatical change morphological,
topological and constructional paradigms often connect to form complex
paradigms. The book introduces the concept of "connecting grammaticalisation"
to describe the formation, restructuring and dismantling of such complex
paradigms. Drawing primarily on data from Germanic, Romance and Slavic
languages, the book offers both a broad general discussion of theoretical issues
(part one) and three case studies (part two).