Nowadays, linguists do not question the existence of synchronic variation,
and the dichotomy between synchrony and diachrony. They recognize that
synchrony can be motivated regionally (diatopic variation), sociolinguistically
(diastratic variation), or stylistically (diaphasic variation). But, further, they
can also recognize the hybrid nature of synchrony, which is referred to as
"dynamic synchrony." This conception of synchrony assumes that similar
patterns of usage can coexist in a community during a certain period and that
their mutual relations are not static but conflicting enough to result in a future
systematic change through symptomatic synchronic variation. Emergence of
a large corpus of written texts for some languages has enabled quantitative
as well as qualitative analyses of the synchronic conditions for diachronic
changes, over both long and short spans of time. Most of the 14 papers in
this volume represent studies on synchronic and diachronic variations based
on such corpus data.
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