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Title: Descrição e análise morfossintática do nome e do verbo em Pykobjê-Gavião (Timbira)
Written By: Talita Rodrigues da Silva
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Native American Linguistics 66

No presente estudo descrevemos e analisamos, sob o viés morfossintático,
as partes do discurso que se diferenciam no dialeto Timbira conhecido como
Pykobjê-Gavião (Tronco Macro-Jê, Família Jê). Através de uma abordagem
tipológico-funcionalista, discutimos (i) aspectos de tipologia e ordem de
palavras, (ii) distinção entre as duas classes de palavras mais comuns no rol
das línguas naturais do mundo, isto é, nome e verbo e (iii) demais classes de
palavras observáveis nessa variante linguística, na medida em que se
relacionam a nome e verbo.

Veremos que os nomes funcionam em Pykobjê-Gavião, basicamente, como
núcleo de argumento; ao passo que o verbo, que è mais fomentador de
relações, tem como principal atribuição dentro da frase atuar como núcleo de
predicado. Os verbos se dividem, por sua vez, em verbos intransitivos
simples (único argumento: Sa, So ou Sio) ou intransitivos estendidos e
verbos transitivos simples (dois argumentos: A e P) ou transitivos
estendidos. Para fundamentar a análise utilizaremos, principalmente, Comrie
(1985), Dik (1997), Dryer (1999), Givón (1997, 2001), Payne (1997) e
Schachter (2007).

Palavras-chave: Timbira; Pykobjê-Gavião; Morfossintaxe; Classes de
Palavras; Nome; Verbo

In this study, we have described and analyzed, under the bias
morphosyntactic, the parts-of-speech systems we could differ in one
Timbira’s dialect, known as Pykobjê-Gavião (Macro-Jê Branch, Jê Family).
Via a functional-typological approach, we have discussed (i) some aspects
about language typology and word order correlations, (ii) some distinctions
between noun and verb classes, i.e., the most usual word classes among all
natural languages and (iii) some others word classes we could observe in this
dialect to extent that they are related to noun and verb.

We will see that the names work in Pykobjê-Gavião basically as the core of
the argument, whereas the verb, which is high promoter relations, within the
clause acts mainly as the core of the predicate. Verbs can be divided for
analysis into intransitive verbs (single argument: Sa, So or Sio) or extended
intransitive verbs and transitive verbs (two arguments: A and P) or extended
transitive verbs. To support our analysis we will use, mainly, Comrie (1985),
Dik (1997), Dryer (1999), Givón (1997, 2001), Payne (1997) e Schachter

Keywords: Timbira; Pykobjê-Gavião; Morphosyntax; Word Classes; Noun;

ISBN 9783862882793. LINCOM Studies in Native American Linguistics 66.
153pp. 2012.

Publication Year: 2012
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Language Family(ies): Ge
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783862882793
Pages: 153
Prices: Europe EURO 64.80