"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Adverb positions vary within a single language as well as across diverse
languages. Based on the study of adverbs in English, French and German,
this monograph shows that the distribution of adverbs is influenced by
various factors at distinct levels of linguistic representation – comprising
semantics, syntax, phonology and information structure – which interact in
determining adverb positions. The results of the investigation are formulated
within the theoretical framework of Optimality Theory, which captures the
complex interaction of these factors by hierarchically ranked constraints,
deriving cross-linguistic variation of adverb positions by differences in the
language-specific constraint hierarchies.
The book is divided into two parts: While Part I examines adverb positions in
general, Part II investigates under which circumstances an adverb may
attach to a phonetically empty constituent in the languages under discussion.
The book appeals to a linguistic audience interested in Germanic and
Romance languages as well as in theoretical syntax in general.