"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Evaluability Hypothesis
The syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of polarity item licensing
Although the field of polarity is well researched, this monograph offers a new
take on polarity sensitivity that both challenges and incorporates previous
theories. Based primarily on Swedish data, it presents new solutions to long-
standing problems, such as the non-complementary distribution of NPIs and
PPIs in yes/no-questions and conditionals, long distance licensing by
superordinate elements, and the occurrence of polarity items in "wh"- questions.
It is argued that polarity sensitivity can be understood in terms of "evaluability".
Lacking any immediate predecessor in the literature, evaluability refers to the
possibility of accepting or rejecting an utterance as true in a communicative
exchange. Intriguingly, the evaluable status of a clause is shown to have
syntactic correlates in Swedish, mirrored in the configuration of the C-domain.
This book is of interest to scholars studying the interplay between syntax,
semantics and pragmatics, particularly those working on negation and polarity.