The territory of the Washo was situated both in cAlifornia and Nevada in the
vicinity of Lake Tahoe and the lower Carson valley, east of the Sierra
Nevada. The neighbors of the Washo on the west were the Maidu and the
Miwok, on all othe sides were Shoshoneans. The Washo language was
definitely established as a distinct family by Powell on the basis of lexical
content. The Washo are the only Indians in Nevada that do not form part of
the great Uto-Aztekan family.
For this reason the first question of interest in regard to their language from a
comparative point of view, is whether in its morphological characteristics it
resembles more nearly the neighboring widley spread Shoshonean dialects
with which it is chiefly in territorial contact, or the many distinct smaller
families constituting a morphological group in northern and southern Central
California.This question can be better discussed after a consideration of the
information secured upon the language, and the answer will therefore be
found in the conclusion of this study (from the introduction).
(Re-edition; originally published 1907 in Berkeley; written in English)